Agarwood comes from the family of Thymelaeaceae. This tree is resinous heartwood that comes from Aquilaria trees. These large evergreen trees are native to Southeast Asia. Agarwood finds its main use in Gulf countries as incense. This wood was also used by ancient Egyptians mainly from embalming dead bodies.
These trees mainly grow in hot climates. However, they grow in natural shades that too under tall canopy trees like palm etc. Agarwood enjoys a rich history of use as an aromatic oil, incense as well as medicines. Agarwood oil is complex and consists of a deep woody fragrance having a reminiscent of amber. Due to its prohibitive prices, it is rarely used in perfumery, mainly in western countries. However, it has got connoisseurs of essential oils, which adds to its scent.
These trees are infected by fungus, thereby producing a resin which saturates the wood. This wood is then harvested in the form of chips, oil, powered and pieces. Due to the disappearance of the species, these products have become rare. Its rarity has made agar wood very exclusive and expensive oil. This is why it is difficult to find in market.
Agarwood is being used by almost all the religions in the world and it is revered since quite some times by various religions and cultures as a treasured ingredient. This has been a favorite of ancient kings, which used to carry the spiritual and religious vale for variety of ceremonies. Agarwood also finds its use in traditional ayurvedic medicines.
Aquilaria trees are now a protected species in almost all the countries. The collection of Agarwood from forests is illegal in many countries. These trees are found in the foothills of Himalayas to the rainforests of Papua New Guinea. These trees grow at an altitude of around 1000 meters; however they flourish really well when they are located around 500 meters above sea level. Also, this tree can grow over a variety of soils, including sandy soils. The seedlings of this tree require plenty of water and shade. The growth of trees is remarkable and seeds and flowers grown quickly over years. This plant is one of the most interesting herbal plants in this planet. This plant has been traded and appreciated since long.
Apart from Agarwood, it is commonly known as Oudh, Oud, Gaharu, Aloes wood, Eaglewood, Jinko and it is valued for its distinctive fragrance. Agarwood oil is dense, thick and dark brown in color. This oil is also non sticky in nature. It is ideal for skin application and it can be thinned using various carriers like perfume, jojoba oil etc. Among different types of agar wood oil, Cambodian oudh or Cambodian agarwood oil is perhaps the rarest and most expensive oil. The reason behinds its high price is its superior quality. This agar wood oil has got a great density and color and it provides you with a sensational and sustaining scent.